Fishes of Arkansas

By Renn Tumlison, tumlison@hsu.edu

 People familiar with the bright colors of fishes available in pet stores often are not aware of the beauty and brilliant colors of some of the native fishes of Arkansas. Unfortunately, because Arkansas is in a temperate climatic zone, the colors of some of the native fishes are most spectacular in the spring but fade somewhat during other seasons. In Arkansas, four families of fishes tend to have males that display brilliant colors: the Percidae (the darters, which are true perches), the Centrarchidae (or sunfishes, sometimes called perches or bream), the Cyprinidae (the minnows), and the Fundulidae (the topminnows). Other Arkansas fish families are the Ictaluridae and the Cottidae.

Family Centrarchidae

 Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieui)

 Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieui)
A view from above reveals the mottled pattern that helps the fish to blend in with its environment.

Dollar Sunfish (Lepomis marginatus)

 Dollar Sunfish (Lepomis marginatus)

Longear Sunfish (Lepomis megalotis)

Longear Sunfish (Lepomis megalotis)

Spotted Sunfish (Lepomis punctatus)

Spotted Sunfish (Lepomis punctatus)

Bantam Sunfish (Lepomis symmetricus)

Bantam Sunfish (Lepomis symmetricus)

Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus)

Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus)

Warmouth Sunfish (Lepomis gulosus)

Warmouth Sunfish (Lepomis gulosus)

Green Sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus)

Green Sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus)

Flier Sunfish (Centrarchus macropterus)

Flier Sunfish (Centrarchus macropterus)

Shadow Bass (Ambloplites ariommus)

Shadow Bass (Ambloplites ariommus)

Family Cottidae

Ozark Sculpin (Cottus hypselurus)

Ozark Sculpin (Cottus hypselurus)

Family Cyprinidae

Highland Stoneroller (Campostoma spadiceum)

Highland Stoneroller (Campostoma spadiceum)

Redfin Shiner (Lythrurus umbratilis)

Redfin Shiner (Lythrurus umbratilis)

Cardinal Shiner (Luxilus cardinalis)

Cardinal Shiner (Luxilus cardinalis)

Bluehead Shiner (Pteronotropis hubbsi)

Bluehead Shiner (Pteronotropis hubbsi)

Family Fundulidae

Northern Studfish (Fundulus catenatus)

Northern Studfish (Fundulus catenatus)

Golden Topminnow Fundulus chrysotus)

Golden Topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus)

Family Ictaluridae

Mountain Madtom (Noturus eleutherus)

Mountain Madtom (Noturus eleutherus)

Ouachita Madtom (Noturus Iachneri)

Ouachita Madtom (Noturus Iachneri)

Caddo Madtom (Noturus taylori)

Caddo Madtom (Noturus taylori)

Family Percidae

Creole Darter (Etheostoma collettei)

Creole Darter (Etheostoma collettei)

Speckled Darter ( Etheostoma stigmaeum)

Speckled Darter (Etheostoma stigmaeum)

Redfin Darter (Etheostoma whipplei)

Redfin Darter (Etheostoma whipplei)

Orangebelly Darter (Etheostoma radiosum)

Orangebelly Darter (Etheostoma radiosum)

Arkansas Saddled Darter (Etheostoma euzonum)

Arkansas Saddled Darter (Etheostoma euzonum)

Banded Darter (Etheostoma zonale)

Banded Darter (Etheostoma zonale)

Harlequin Darter (Etheostoma histrio)

Harlequin Darter (Etheostoma histrio)

Paleback Darter (Etheostoma pallididorsum)

Paleback Darter (Etheostoma pallididorsum)

Dusky Darter (Percina sciera)

Dusky Darter (Percina sciera)

Blackside Darter (Percina maculata)

Blackside Darter (Percina maculata)

Scaly Sand Darter (Ammocrypta vivax)

Scaly Sand Darter (Ammocrypta vivax)

 
 
 
 
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