(Meliaceae) Melia azedarach
is a large tree that is native to Asia. Melia
is well established in Arkansas, being commonly observed in bottomland and riparian habitats, as well as disturbed sites. It is also naturalized throughout the southern US, and occurs as far north as Missouri, New York, and Utah. Melia
is invasive in Arkansas and numerous other states. Seedlings are commonly observed in areas where reproductive age trees occur, but Melia
can also spread asexually by means of suckering from its roots. The fruits of this species are bird-dispersed and also poisonous. Melia azedarach
somewhat resembles Koelreuteria bipinnata
(Chinese flame tree), but can be distinguished from it by its coarsely toothed to shallowly lobed leaflets and more numerous pinnae. The mature leaves of K. bipinnata
have leaflets with entire or minutely toothed margins and relatively few pinnae.
Figures for Melia azedarach:
T. plant and habit;
U-V. spontaneous seedling and juvenile;
W. seedling or small root sucker;
X-Z. spontaneous plants and/or root suckers.
List of Naturalized Species
List of Spontaneous Species
List of Species with the Potential to Become Spontaneous or Naturalized