TRIO Programs at Henderson State University
The Federal TRIO Programs (TRIO) are Federal outreach and student services programs designed to identify and provide services for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. TRIO includes programs targeted to serve and assist low-income individuals, first-generation college students, and individuals with disabilities to progress through the academic pipeline from middle school to postbaccalaureate programs.
Upward Bound (UB), the first of the TRIO programs, began as a pilot project authorized by the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 to encourage low-income youths to complete high school and prepare for college.
A year later, Talent Search (TS) was created as part of the Higher Education Act of 1965 to assist students applying for newly authorized federal financial aid for postsecondary education.
The TRIO name itself was born four years later when the Higher Education Act of 1965 was amended in 1968 to include the Special Services for Disadvantaged Students program—what is now called Student Support Services (SSS). Upward Bound, Talent Search and Student Support Services formed a trio of federal programs designed to foster increased educational opportunity and attainment. Upward Bound and Talent Search focused on college preparation and admission, while Student Support Services helped eligible students stay in college until they earned a college degree. Student Support Services-Disability Resouce Center assists students with disabilities.
Since 1968, the TRIO programs have been expanded to provide a wider range of services. Today, nine TRIO programs are included under the TRIO umbrella. The 1972 amendments to the Higher Education Act created Educational Opportunity Centers (EOCs) to help adults select a postsecondary education program and obtain financial aid.
Veterans Upward Bound (VUB) was initiated as part of the Upward Bound program to serve returning Vietnam Veterans in 1976.
Amendments in 1986 added the Ronald E. McNair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Program (MCN) to foster doctoral degree attainment by students from underrepresented segments of society. In 1990, the U.S. Department of Education created the Upward Bound Math and Science (UBMS) program to address the need for specific instruction in the fields of mathematics and science.
Dr. Pamela Bax, Director