WORLD CIVILIZATION SINCE 1660
FINAL EXAM REVIEW
CHAPTER 27 – MODERN EAST ASIA
MODERN CHINA (1839–1949)
Close of Manchu
- What were the most serious threats to
Manchu rule in the nineteenth century?
- Know the reasons for and consequences
of the Opium War. Know which countries were involved and what they did.
- Review the Treaty of Nanjing and other "unequal treaties." Why were these treaties unequal?
- What was the ideology behind the
Taiping Rebellion and the reasons for its successes and ultimate failure? What were the motives, goals and claims of the leader of the Taiping Rebellion?
- What was the strength of the Chinese
government in the late nineteenth century?
- What was the role of treaty ports in
- Know what the "Self-Strengthening" movement was. What was the purposes of this reform movement? Was it successful or not?
- Understand the relationship between
China and its borderlands--Russia, Korea, Vietnam and Mongolia
From Dynasty to
- Who was empress dowager and what did she do in China?
- Know who the Boxers were and what the Boxer Rebellion was.
- Who were the key figures in the revolution of
- What were the reasons for the Chinese reluctance
- Know the historical significance of the Boxer
- What were the reforms proposed and implemented
in China during the early twentieth century?
Ideological Ferment: The May Fourth Movement:
- Why was Marxism-Leninism so appealing to Chinese
- What were the dominant modes of thought that
permeated China in the century after the Opium War?
- What was the importance of the May Fourth
- Know the ideologies that shaped the thought of
Chinese intellectuals during the 1920s
- Know the reasons for the rise of the Nationalist
Party in China
- Understand the ideologies and ruling methods of
- What were the causes of the Chinese Communist
Party’s rise to power?
MODERN JAPAN (1853–1945)
Overthrow of the Tokugawa Bakufu
- What role did the Chōshū and Satsuma
play in the overthrow of Tokugawa rule?
- Know the changes in Japanese politics
in the aftermath of opening Japan to foreign influence
- What were the conflicts between the bakufu
and the Japanese court?
- Understand the cultural shift in the
way the Japanese saw themselves after the opening of Japan
Meiji State (1868-1890):
- What was the Meiji Restoration? How did it happen? What does Meiji mean? Why was this important in the development of Japan?
- What powers did the Meiji constitution give to
- What were the political concerns of those who
built Japan’s Meiji government?
- What were the social changes the Meiji
government effected on Japanese society?
- Know the role political parties played during
the early years of the Meiji government
- How was power distributed in the Japanese
- How did the Meiji view the West/Western Powers?
Growth of a
- Why did Japan set out to build a modern economy?
- How did Meiji reforms changed the Japanese
- Know how the government worked to develop modern
- Know what Zaibatsu was. Understand the concept.
- What were some of the social costs of
modernization in Japanese society
The Politics of
Imperial Japan (1890-1945):
- How did political parties develop in Japan?
- Know the primary points of political dispute
during the early years of the Meiji system
- Understand the reasons for Japan’s emergence as
a world power--Know what role international affairs helped elevate Japan to a world power--i.e. Japanese/Chinese War 1895; Boxer Rebellion; Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905.
- Know the alternate conceptions of government
that emerged in Japan during the early twentieth century
- What was the impact of liberalism on Japan
during the early twentieth century?
- Know the reasons for rising militarism in Japan
during the 1920s and 1930s
- Who saw themselves as the guardians of Japanese traditions and the founders of the modern Japanese state?
Militarism and German Nazism:
- How was Japan similar to and different from
Germany during this period?
- What were the similarities between the Japanese
militarist state and Nazi Germany?
- Understand the contrasts between the Japanese
and German regimes of the World War II era
Other Far East Countries:
- Know the development of Korea during this time period. Why did the dynasty fall?
- Know the development of Vietnam during the 19th Century. What Western power moved in and colonized Vietnam in the mid-19th Century? Why?
May Fourth Movement
New Life Movement
||Tokugawa Wonder Crop
AND WORLD WAR I
Expansion of European Power and the New
- Understand what New Imperialism was. Know the definition of "Imperialism".
- Know the reasons why New Imperialism
became possible during the late nineteenth century. What areas of the world were the focus of New Imperialism? Why?
- Why were Western powers eager to obtain
- What were the motivations for the
imperialistic tendencies of Western nations during this period?
- How did New Imperialism differ from
previous forms of imperialism?
- What issues did it raise?
- How did it play out in Africa (Scramble
for Africa) and in Asia/Pacific?
- What were the reasons for the “scramble
- How was imperialism in Asia similar to
and different from that in Africa?
The Rise of the
German Empire, 1871-1890:
- How did the emergence of the German Empire after
1871 alter the balance of power in Europe?
- What were Bismarck’s goals for Germany?
- What happened at the Congress of Berlin?
- Know the goals Bismarck pursued in his
diplomatic negotiations with other nations
Systems—Triple Alliance and Triple Entente:
- Know the circumstances that led to the creation
of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente
- Know the development of the European alliance
- What did Bismarck create diplomatically?
- Know the Congress of Berlin, 1878
- How did France, Britain and Russia respond?
- What was the Entente Cordiale? What countries were part of the Entente Cordiale? Were they obligated to help each other?
- How did the Triple Alliance and the Triple
Entente form? Who were members of each?
- Know the role of Militarism and how it destabilized Europe. Understand the naval arms race between Great Britain and Germany. How did that contribute to tensions in Europe?
- How did Nationalism contribute to World War I? Know the importance of Serbian Nationalism.
- Why is World War I a turning point in history?
- What led to the outbreak of World War I? What
crises led to the War?
- Know how the Balkan crises incited the beginning
of World War I
- What was the role played by alliances among the
great powers in preventing the war from remaining localized in the Balkans? What was the so-called "Blank Check"?
- What was the Schlieffen Plan? Why did it fail? What was the result of its failure?
- Know the major events of World War I. Also, know
what life was like for the ordinary soldier. Why did the war become a stalemate
and how did each side try to break the stalemate?
- Under what circumstances did the United States
enter World War I? What were the goals of the US? How did these differ from
that of the other belligerents?
- Why did Germany loose World War I?
- Know what brought about the Russian Revolution
- What were the reasons for the Russian
- Be familiar with the provisional government that
initially took over after the abdication of the tsar (March 1917-Oct. 1917) and
why it failed.
- Know the major figures of the Russian Revolutionary era--Kerensky, Lenin, Trotsky
- Who were the Bolsheviks and how did they seized
- What was the impact of the Bolshevik government
on World War I?
- What was the Russian Civil War. Who fought against whom? Why did the Bolsheviks succeed? What measures did the Bolsheviks employ to win--i.e. War Communism
The End of
World War I and the Versailles Peace Conference:
- What were the military reasons for the Allied
victory in World War I?
- Who were the victors and who were the vanquished in World War I?
- How did the war alter the position of the
western European powers in the international community?
- Be able to discuss the Versailles Peace
Conference and Treaty of Versailles.
- Be familiar with the peace making process and
the impact of that process on the postwar world.
- Was the Versailles peace settlement just? Be
able to evaluate the effectiveness of the peace treaty negotiated by the
victorious powers after the war?
- How did each power come out at the end of World
- Why did the Versailles settlement leave Germany
- Know the purpose of the League of Nations and how it was conceived and set up.
- How did World War I alter the relationship
between imperial powers and colonized peoples?
War Guilt Clause
Congress of Berlin
Alfred von Tirpitz
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
League of Nations
||Treaty of Versailles
|Russian Civil War
||Battle of the Marne