History of ROTC

The modern Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps was created by the National Defense Act of 1916. This program commissioned its first class of Lieutenants in 1920. The concept behind ROTC, however, had its roots in military training which began taking place in civilian colleges and universities as early as 1819 with the founding of the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy at Norwich, Vermont, followed by various state chartered military schools, and finally civilian land grant colleges after the Civil War, which required military training.