Biology Courses

BIO 1013 (BIOL1004)
Introduction to Biology

A general education course. A study of basic biological concepts and principles. Offered as separate non-majors and majors sections. The department recommends that non-science majors avoid taking this class during their freshman year.

BIO 1021 (BIOL1004)
Introduction to Biology Laboratory

Experiments are performed to demonstrate the principles covered in BIO 1013. Two hours per week. Prerequisite or co-requisite: BIO 1013.

BIO 2104 (BIOL1034)
General Botany

The study of biological principles and concepts applied to plants. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

BIO 2114 (BIOL1054)
General Zoology

The study of animal relationships, with emphasis on principles, anatomy and ecology. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week.

BIO 2174
Human Anatomy and Physiology I, (non-majors)

A study of the structures and functions of human body systems. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114 or BIO 1013 and BIO 1021.

BIO 2184
Human Anatomy and Physiology II, (non-majors)

A continuation of BIO 2174. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114 or BIO 1013 and BIO 1021.2174 recommended.

BIO 2283
Environmental Science

A study of how ecosystems function in terms of nutrient cycles, energy flow, and population dynamics, with considerations of imbalances in various areas of human concern such as agriculture, resource utilization, waste disposal, energy sources, and the human population.

BIO 3054
(WI) Genetics

A study of transmission genetics followed by molecular genetics. Three (3) hours lecture and (3) three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2104 or 2114.

BIO 3084
Comparative Anatomy and Evolution of Vertebrates

Traces the evolutionary history of vertebrate animals through a comparative analysis of chordate anatomy with emphasis on the ten organ systems. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114.

BIO 3094
(WI) Microbiology

A comprehensive study of microorganisms with emphasis on conceptual and applied microbiology. Three (3) hours lecture and (3) three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 4 hours of biology and 4 hours of chemistry. Biology majors must complete either BIO 2104 or 2114 prior to enrolling in this course.

BIO 3244
(WI) Comparative Morphology and Evolution of Plants

Traces the evolutionary history of the plant kingdom through a comparative study of the structure and life cycles of representatives of the major groups of plants. Three (3) hours lecture and (3) three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2104.

BIO 3294
Plant Taxonomy

A study of basic principles and concepts of plant identification, classification and nomenclature. Laboratory and field emphasis on the description and identification of representatives of major families of vascular plants. Prerequisite: BIO 2104.

BIO 3304
(WI) Plant Physiology

A study of plant processes including photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, translocation, mineral nutrition, plant growth hormones, water relationships, and growth and development. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2104; CHM 1014 and 1024.

BIO 3314
Animal Physiology

A study of the functions of animal systems with emphasis on the human. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2114 and BIO 3544 or BIO 3084; CHM 1014, 1024.

BIO 3403
(WI) Herpetology

A comprehensive study of reptiles and amphibians with emphasis on specimens collected and studied in the field. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114.

BIO 3493
Biogeography

An in-depth study and evaluation of the factors affecting the geographic distribution of life on earth. Primary emphasis will be placed on climatic, geologic, and human influence. Dispersal mechanisms, speciation, biodiversity, and evolutionary history will also be investigated. Prerequisite: BIO 2104 and BIO 2114.

BIO 3524
(WI) General Ecology

A study of principles of ecosystem structure and dynamics including energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, community composition and succession, and the distribution and abundance of populations. Includes laboratory and field experiences with ecological problems. Two Saturday field trips required. Prerequisites: BIO 2104 and 2114.

BIO 3544
Human Anatomy and Physiology I (Majors)

A study of the structures and functions of human body systems. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114 or BIO 1013 and BIO 1021.

BIO 3554
Human Anatomy and Physiology II (Majors)

A continuation of BIO 3544. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114 or BIO 1013 and BIO 1021.3544 recommended.

BIO 4044
(WI) Neotropical Ecology

This course introduces students to the history, ecology, and evolution of ecosystems of the New World tropics, with emphasis on the Isthmus of Panama.Includes a strenuous and challenging three-week component in Panama, with fieldwork in the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, rainforest sites near the Panama Canal and a cloud forest site in the Darien Province.Prerequisites:BIO 2104 and BIO 2114, ability to swim, ride horses, and consent of the instructor.This course satisfies the liberal arts core physical education activity requirement.

BIO 4073
Dendrology

A study of woody plants of the local flora with emphasis on field identification, classification, and economic importance. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2104.

BIO 4163
(WI) Entomology

A study of morphology, taxonomy, and metamorphosis of insects and related arthropods. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114.

BIO 4194
Animal Histology

The study of the microscopic anatomy and function of animal tissues with emphasis on the human. Three (3) hours lecture and (3) three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2114, CHM 1014, 1024, and either BIO 3544, 3084, or 3314.

BIO 4203
(WI) Aquatic Ecology

A study of the structure and function of freshwater ecosystems, with emphasis on the dynamics of their physical, chemical and biological components. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2114, CHM 1014 and 1024.

BIO 4214
(WI) Cell Biology

The molecular biology of the cell with emphasis on structure function relationships. Three (3) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: eight hours of biology and CHM 1014, 1024, or consent of the instructor.

BIO 4223
(WI) Ichthyology

A comprehensive study of freshwater fishes and their food with emphasis on taxonomy, ecology and management. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114.

BIO 4251
Biological Laboratory Techniques

For majors only. Experience is given in planning and assisting in laboratory courses. Prerequisite: Consent of department. May be repeated once.

BIO 4273
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

Geographic information systems (GIS) use computers to capture, store, retrieve, analyze, manipulate and display spatial data. This course introduces students to GIS, with an emphasis on environmental applications. A hands-on approach is taken, and the majority of the course is devoted to developing skills in using GIS to solve problems. Includes image processing, cartographic modeling, map algebra, multi-criteria evaluation, multiple regression, and geostatistics. Prerequisites: BIO 2104, BIO 2114, and MTH 1243 or higher.

BIO 4324
(WI) Tropical Marine Biology

A field course emphasizing study of tropical marine animals and plants, with extensive study of the diverse organisms of reefs, tide pools, and mangroves. Includes a field component in Belize. Prerequisites: BIO 2104 and BIO 2114, ability to swim, and consent of instructor.

BIO 4331-3
Independent Study

Study under the direct supervision of a faculty member. May be repeated. Requires chair’s approval.

BIO 4343
Phycology

A study of the taxonomy, morphology, ecology, and economic importance of freshwater algae. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours laboratory or field per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2104.

BIO 4353
(WI) Mammalogy

A study of the classification, ecology, natural history, economic importance, techniques and methods of collection, identification, and preservation of mammals. Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2114.

BIO 4371-3
Independent Research

Study of a contemporary biological problem under the direct supervision of a faculty member. A written scientific paper is required. Prerequisites: Twenty hours of biology and consent of the instructor. May not substitute for any core requirement. May be repeated once.

BIO 4503
Behavioral Ecology

A study of how interactions with other organisms and the environment drive the evolution of adaptive behaviors.Behaviors that are manifest in the biology of animals such as life history, reproduction, resource acquisition, sociality, and survival will be examined.Two (2) hours lecture and two (2) hours field or laboratory per week. Prerequisite:BIO 3524.

BIO 4563
Biology of Cancer

A study of current concepts and characteristics of cancer, including cancer research and cancer treatment. This course will explore the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying cancer development with the aim of understanding how changes in the normal growth and division processes lead to the formation of tumors. Topics include the natural history of cancer, oncogenes, tumor suppressors, cancer-causing viruses, epidemiology, health care policy and current therapeutic approaches to cancer treatment and prevention. Prerequisite: BIO3054.